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From Access to Equity: Women’s Pathways into the Church
—by Eileen Campbell-Reed, minister, pastoral theologian, and co-director of the Learning Pastoral Imagination Project
Judging by the laughter in the room, Molly Marshall’s “Wherever two or three women gather together, the men get nervous” beginning hit the mark. Marshall, a long-time advocate for women in ministry and president of Central Baptist Theological Seminary in Shawnee, Kan., delivered her message by video to those attending the “Access and Equity for Women in the Church Conference” Oct. 25-26.
The strategy conference was sponsored by the Equity for Women in the Church Community of the Alliance of Baptists and hosted by Wake Forest University School of Divinity. Two years in the planning, the meeting brought together participants from the Alliance and nine other religious entities.
The question of what makes people nervous about women’s leadership has many answers. However, anxiety was not the main focus of the historic gathering. Rather, what can and should be said, done, and supported to expand women’s pastoral leadership formed the core of the two-day conversation.
The conference met one of its top goals by bringing together a diverse group of women and men from various racial, ethnic and denominational groups to speak forthrightly about challenges facing women called to ministry. In some denominations, the largest barriers remain at the point of “access,” where women fill less than one percent of the pastorates. For example, Veronice Miles—an ordained minister and professor at WakeForest—is the only woman her home church, an African-American Baptist congregation, has ever ordained.
For other groups, women’s access remains a narrow path. The percentage of women pastoring in Alliance and mainline congregations ranges between 22 and 31 percent. Many women, such as Sheila Sholes-Ross, Alliance board member and co-chair of the conference, travel a long winding road to church leadership. Sholes-Ross has been a candidate 31 times in pastoral searches over the past five years.
Even in churches that call women, concerns remain for “equity” on issues like pay and benefits, moving into a second pastoral call, and coping with systemic sexism and racism that lives in the social structures and relational networks of churches. Like women in business and academia, far too many women remain underpaid and underemployed, and often they drop out of their professions in frustration.
Another top concern of the conference was captured in Steve Sprinkle’s report from his small group breakout session. “The challenge for women finding pastorates is impacted by gender and race. We are cognizant of the double challenge that exists for women, a double stained glass ceiling,” the Brite Divinity School professor and former Alliance board member said.
Sprinkle said the group began sharing stories that “made the stories real.” Rather than merely talking about theoretical issues, their stories emphatically revealed the impact of gender and race. ”It’s one thing to talk about these issue in the abstract, but it’s another thing entirely to give them a human face,” he said.
Cheryl Dudley facilitated a “Circling Around” activity by inviting the group to gather in two very different circles near the beginning and end of the conference. In the first circle, 10 people faced inward and locked arms to make a tight circle while the others were told to “find a way in.” Virginia Marie Rincon, an Episcopal priest, got into the circle by “going in underneath,” reflecting the covert path and subversive power struggles often required for women in pastoral ministry.
The next day Dudley, Global Religions director for the Arcus Foundation, invited participants into a different configuration. Facing one another in two concentric circles, this time each group locked arms and began moving slowly in opposite directions, singing “Blest Be the Tie That Binds.” Each person looked into the eyes of others and through words, tears and smiles, expressions of belonging and support filled the circle.
The largest portion of the meeting was spent in small circles of conversation naming the issues of access and equity faced by women in the church, considering the double stained glass ceiling shaped by gender and race, and imagining ways to move beyond these and other barriers to a new day for the church.
“The gathering was inspiring beyond my highest expectations,” conference co-chair Jann Aldredge-Clanton said. “The participants not only brought amazing gifts and experience, but also deep passion and commitment for the work. We left with renewed energy for making reality the big vision of equal representation of clergywomen in multicultural churches in order to transform church and society,” Aldredge-Clanton said.
The women—and men—have gathered. If you don’t like change . . . well, you might be feeling nervous about now.
[Two years in the planning, the meeting brought together participants from the Alliance, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America, Church of Christ, Presbyterian Church USA, The Episcopal Church, United Church of Christ, United Methodist Church, American Baptist Churches USA, National Baptist Convention USA, and the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship.]
Eileen R. Campbell-Reed is an ordained minister, pastoral theologian, co-director of the Learning Pastoral Imagination Project, and Alliance member. Along with her husband and daughter, she’s a member of Glendale Baptist Church, Nashville, Tenn.